Every surrogacy process starts with the same basic steps. Whether in Kiev or California, a reputable clinic will ask you to prove:
1. You are fertile and capable of conceiving a successful pregnancy
2. You are healthy and free of infections that could harm the baby or surrogate
3. You will provide a safe home for the new baby
Here is what you will need to start your surrogacy process…
Medical Tests (To Show You’re Healthy)
The first step in your process is to show that you’re healthy. That generally means blood tests for basic infections that may be harmful to either the baby, the pregnancy or the surrogate. The United States has the most exhaustive set of medical tests of any country worldwide. The tests below comprise the standard “FDA Serology Panel” which is the criteria for all tissue donations in the United States. These tests will be performed by the clinic at the time of your donation — and if you test positive for any of them, the clinic will not accept your sperm sample. So it’s always smart to have the tests done in advance so that there are no surprises when you arrive at your clinic for sperm donation.
- Anti-HIV-1/2 Assays – Human Immunodeficiency Virus Types 1 and 2
- HBsAg Assays – Hepatitis B Surface Antigen
- Anti-HBc Assays – Hepatitis B Virus Core Antigen
- HBV Nucleic Acid Assays – Hepatitis B Virus
- Anti-HCV Assays – Hepatitis C Virus Encoded Antigen
- HCV Nucleic Acid Assays – Hepatitis C Virus
- Anti-HTLV-I/II Assays – Human T-Lymphotropic Virus Types I and II
- Anti-T. Pallidum Assays – Treponema pallidum (Syphilis)
- Nucleic acid amplification tests – NAATs (Gonorrhea)
- Urethral swab, or urine for GC (Chlamydia)
- Zika Nucleic Acid assay (Zika)
- Anti-CMV Assays (Cytomegalovirus)
- WNV Nucleic Acid Assays (West Nile Virus)
Common Fertility Exams
Bot the egg and spernm donors need to show they are fertile, and that together they are capable of conceiving a baby.
Male Fertility Screening (For the Donating Father)
- Standard semen analysis, including sperm count, motility and morphology.
- We also recommend a “sperm fragmentation” test for men over 45 years — this will show the sperm is genetically healthy and not just appears outwardly healthy.
Note: If your semen analysis is poor, the clinic may recommend some supplements to improve your chances. If your blood test shows positive for Hepatitis or HIV, sperm washing will be required for an additional charges. (The surrogate mother may also be entitled to additional compensation.)
Female Fertility Screening (For the Donating Mother)
For couples donating their own eggs, the genetic mother will need a blood test on Day 2 of her natural cycle. Along with other basic information, the scans should include these specific hormone levels:
- LH Hormone
- FSH Hormone
- AMH hormone levels.
Note: If the egg donor’s FSH level on day 2 is more than 10 and the AMH level is less than 1.0, you would not be considered a viable candidate for egg donation. In addition, the clinic normally requires a minimum of 6 visible follicles.
In many cases, a follicle ultrasound scan is also recommended to show “Ovarian Volume”, which is a visible count of the follicles available to be retrieved.
Counseling (To Help You Prepare for the Journey)
In addition many clinics also ask Intended Parents to spend a short counseling session with a Therapist. This will help them know the parent is emotionally prepared for the journey ahead, and will give the IP an opportunity to voice any fears or concerns about the surrogacy journey (or being a parent in general).
Background Check (To Ensure the Baby Will Go to a Safe Home)
Many agencies will also ask Intended parents to provide a simple online background check through either USSearch or Intelius. These services are quick and inexpensive, and a search of the sex offenders registry or felony convictions database will help us ensure potential surrogates that the IPs will be fit parents for the baby.
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